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Guide to third-party logistics (3PL)

This guide will give you everything you need to know about third-party logistics (3PL) – so that you can decide if your business would like to partner with a 3PL provider.

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What is a 3PL provider? What are the benefits of using a 3PL provider? Does your business need a 3PL provider? How can you choose the right 3PL provider for your business?
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Introduction

To survive and thrive in today’s business world, you must be able to deliver whatever your customers want, whenever and wherever they want it.

Indeed, rapid and reliable order fulfilment is the key to ensuring customer satisfaction and bottom-line growth for companies of all sizes, across all industries.

However, as your company evolves and expands and as business conditions fluctuate, you may find that it becomes increasingly difficult to manage your warehousing, inventory, distribution, and fulfilment processes – which can become a source of operational headaches and soaring costs.

Additionally, your team may prefer to focus on their core competencies – such as product development, sales and marketing, or customer support – rather than devoting all their attention to the complicated, time-consuming task of fulfilling customer orders.

For these reasons, many companies look to external experts – third-party logistics (3PL) providers – to help them handle their end-to-end logistics operations.

A growing number of organisations across various industries are discovering that outsourcing their warehousing, inventory management, and order fulfilment to a 3PL can have many business benefits such as improving customer service, operational efficiency, profitability, and market share.

The question is: Should your organisation work with a 3PL provider?

In this guide, we will give you all the information you need to know about 3PLs – so that you can decide if would like to partner with such a provider and, if so, you can choose the right 3PL for your business.

Stay up to date with new Amazon Multi-Channel Fulfilment features, best practices, and more.

What is a 3PL provider?
A 3PL provides a range of logistics services and solutions for organisations of all sizes (from small- and medium-sized businesses to large-scale enterprises to public sector entities) that want to outsource certain aspects of their warehousing, inventory management, and fulfilment operations.

Some 3PLs offer a complete suite of integrated, end-to-end logistics solutions, while other players specialise in specific areas or industries.

Most 3PLs can deliver a variety of logistics solutions – and each company can pick and choose which solutions they want, customise those solutions to meet their business needs, and change, adapt, and add solutions as their business scales and grows.

The array of solutions that 3PL providers offer includes:

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Order fulfilment
The entire, end-to-end fulfilment process that involves receiving and storing inventory in a warehouse, and then – whenever orders are placed across your various ecommerce or other sales channels – picking orders from your available stock, packing them in boxes or other packaging, and shipping them to customers. Some 3PLs also offer value-added order fulfilment services such as kitting as well as white-glove delivery and installation.
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Inventory management
The process of storing, tracking, and distributing your inventory – so that you have the right products in the right places at the right times to satisfy customer demand as quickly and efficiently as possible, keep inventory costs down, and prevent overstocking and stockouts.
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Expedited shipping
The capability to provide expedited shipping (and same-day, one-day, or two-day delivery) at scale and at a reduced rate – so that you can simultaneously satisfy your customers and slash your operating costs. Some 3PLs have their own global logistics network and transportation fleet, while other 3PLs partner with carriers who offer these resources.
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Reverse logistics
The process of managing product returns or exchanges by customers – from handling shipping to receiving unwanted products at the warehouse and assessing whether these items should be restocked or disposed of.
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Warehousing and distribution
The capability to store your inventory in the 3PL provider’s network of warehouses to ensure your products are strategically positioned in locations as near as possible to your customers or other facilities – so that they can be successfully distributed to meet demand.

What are the benefits of using a 3PL provider?

Partnering with a 3PL provider can deliver many different business benefits and can help fuel your company’s long-term development.

Indeed, by outsourcing your warehousing, inventory management, and fulfilment operations to a 3PL, you can:

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Reduce costs
One of the primary benefits of partnering with a 3PL is that you will be able to minimise the overhead costs associated with inventory management, warehousing, and shipping. Working with a 3PL eliminates the need for your company to invest in expensive logistics infrastructure (such as warehouse space as well as software systems and transportation resources) and to hire in-house employees to handle your logistics operations.

Additionally, 3PLs – as they may be carriers themselves or have deep relationships with major carriers – can help you negotiate the best possible shipping rates and dramatically decrease fulfilment costs. Your 3PL provider will also uncover ways to cut inventory, storage, and other costs across your end-to-end supply chain by streamlining processes, offering volume discounts, bundling 3PL services, and other strategies. For example, VAHDAM India – a major producer and distributor of tea products with over 2 million customers globally – reduced its fulfilment costs by 15% (while sustaining 400% YOY sales growth) by partnering with a 3PL, Amazon Multi-Channel Fulfilment (MCF).
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Improve delivery performance and customer satisfaction
Organisations that engage the leading 3PL providers – like MCF – to handle their fulfilment operations usually see a significant spike in their:
  • Shipping speeds, with some best-in-class 3PLs delivering orders as fast as one day.
  • On-time delivery rate, with the top performing 3PLs achieving rates of greater than 97% in this area.

This superior delivery performance translates into higher customer satisfaction – which ultimately leads to business growth.
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Leverage the logistics industry’s top talent, technologies, and techniques
By partnering with a 3PL, your company can gain access to some of the leading experts in the logistics industry as well as the most cutting-edge technologies – such as AI-based inventory management software, warehouse robotics, and IoT devices.

These 3PL experts often bring with them a deep knowledge of current industry best practices, and will work with you to infuse these practices into your business processes – thereby ensuring your logistics operations are running in the most efficient and cost-effective manner.

Having the right 3PL team in your corner will make your logistics headaches disappear and will free your team up to focus on the areas of your business that matter most to you, such as product development and sales and marketing.

Also, through your relationship with your 3PL provider, you will be connected to a vast, global network of supply chain resources (including specialised facilities, equipment, and employees) that you can tap into whenever the need arises (which may be daily, monthly, yearly, or during certain seasons). Having access to this network will eliminate your need to maintain excess capacity and overhead costs.
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Adapt to change and accelerate business expansion
Change is the only constant in the supply chain world and – working with a 3PL provider – you will be better equipped to:
  • Calibrate and scale your logistics operations to handle fluctuations in supply and demand due to seasonal spikes, shifts in government regulations and fuel prices, or other dynamics.
  • Manage volatility and disruptions across your end-to-end network.
  • Expand into new markets by leveraging your 3PL’s established network of facilities and partners to help you reach customers and launch new business lines around the world.
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Optimise your end-to-end logistics operations
With a 3PL, you can unlock opportunities for optimisation and automation across your warehousing, inventory management, shipping, and transportation operations.

For example, working with a 3PL can accelerate your adoption of cutting-edge AI and ML inventory management technologies, which can enable you to more accurately forecast demand and effectively position your inventory as close as possible to your customers.

By implementing new technologies and processes, a 3PL can help you gain real-time visibility and control over your end-to-end logistics operations – so that you can identify and address inefficiencies across your network, increase the volume and velocity of the shipments your company is handling, and improve customer experience as well as bottom-line results.

Does your business need a 3PL provider?
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Now that you have a good grasp of what 3PLs are and the business impact they can deliver, you need to determine if your organisation could benefit from enlisting the services of a 3PL provider.

Below are some telltale signs that your business needs a 3PL partner:

Your business is having trouble handling the volume of orders you receive
Many organisations grow at such a rapid pace that their logistics operations can’t keep up – they simply don’t have the storage space, inventory management systems, or fulfilment capabilities they need. A 3PL can help you scale your logistics operations over time so that you are always able to meet demand as your business grows and evolves and overcome other order fulfilment challenges.
Your business would like to improve customer experience by offering fast, reliable fulfilment
The success of your business rests on your ability to deliver on time, every time for customers. With a 3PL provider, you can offer expedited shipping, make accurate delivery promises for customers, and ensure fast, reliable fulfilment.
Your business wants to decrease your overhead costs for shipping, warehousing, and inventory
Logistics operations require capital-intensive infrastructure and assets such as warehouse space, delivery vehicles, and specialised supply chain personnel. Engaging a 3PL partner eliminates the need to invest in these resources – so that you can free up working capital and channel it into initiatives that fuel long-term business growth.

Furthermore, a 3PL will work with you to drive cost optimisation across your organisation by managing your inventory, shipping, and warehousing operations as efficiently as possible.
Your business is looking to expand into new markets
A 3PL provider possesses the network and know-how that you need to expand into new markets around the globe. Your 3PL will serve as your trusted advisor, helping you to successfully navigate new business landscapes, tackle regulatory and operational challenges, and minimise the cost and complexity of your logistics operations as your business scales.

How can you choose the right 3PL provider for your business?

Once you’ve decided that your business could benefit from a partnership with a 3PL, you need to begin the process of evaluating the numerous providers out there and choosing the right one for your business.

During your evaluation and decision process, here are some key factors to consider:

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Global presence
It’s pivotal that the 3PL partner you choose has an established global network of fulfilment centres and other logistics facilities and resources – ideally in locations close to where your customer base is (or will be in the future). This will enable you to ensure that the right amount of inventory is always strategically distributed and positioned in right places, at the right times – so that you can improve on-time delivery performance, avoid stockouts or overstocking, and slash inventory and fulfilment costs.

Amazon, for example, has built the world’s largest fulfilment network – with over 200 fulfilment centres encompassing more than 200 million square feet of space, over 200,000 operations staff and over 85 aircraft. By partnering with MCF, you can gain access to this global network, and use it to rapidly and reliably deliver for your customers around the world and across your different sales channels.
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Delivery performance
When it comes to fulfilment in today’s business world, organisations have the need for speed and reliability. You will want to check to see that the 3PL you select has:
  • A proven track record of delivering on time, in full for customers around the globe and across different industries.
  • Shipping speed options (such as one-day delivery) that meet your needs.
  • The capability to handle increased or decreased volume when your business experiences sudden surges or drops in demand.
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Range of services
3PL providers offer a variety of services – from picking, packing, and shipping to warehousing and inventory management and handling returns. Identify which aspects of your logistics operations you are looking to outsource, and make sure that the 3PLs you are evaluating have the capability to help you improve in those specific areas. Additionally, some 3PLs can provide complementary products and services – such as advertising and invoice auditing – that you may be interested in.
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Costs
Take the time to review and understand each 3PL’s pricing structure. Some providers offer simple, predictable, and cost-effective pricing models for storage and fulfilment (with bundled fees for services like warehousing, picking, packing, and shipping) and discounts for large-volume orders, while others have complicated pricing models that may contain hidden fees or require complex, long-term contracts. The 3PL that you ultimately choose should be the one that offers the best services at the lowest cost – as this will have a positive impact on your bottom line over the long haul.
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Technology
One of the main benefits of partnering with a 3PL is that they will introduce you to state-of-the-art technologies for inventory management, warehouse automation, and shipment routing and tracking, and other processes – and utilise these technologies to help you automate and optimise your end-to-end logistics operations. Before implementing these new systems, you will want verify that they can be integrated seamlessly with your current tech stack and also that your organisation’s data security and privacy will be safeguarded.
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Industry experience
3PLs operate across an array of industries including ecommerce, high-tech manufacturing, healthcare, automotive, chemicals, construction, public sector, and many more. Some 3PL players specialise in serving specific industries, while others cater to a broad swathe of industries. Make sure the 3PL you select has experience serving companies in your industry, and – if possible – get references from the 3PL’s current or past customers.

By devoting time to conducting in-depth research and considering the factors highlighted above, you can find the right 3PL for your business.

Working with right 3PL partner can truly transform your business, empowering you to drive long-term bottom-line growth by:

  • Keeping your end-to-end logistics operations running as efficiently as possible.
  • Keeping your warehousing, inventory management, and fulfilment costs down.
  • Keeping your customers happy by delivering on time, every time.

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